Woman's huipil measuring 35 inches wide and 25 inches long
According to the literature (see Threads of Identity by Altman and West), this woman's huipil from Zacualpa could date from any time 1960 to 2010, since the styles have not changed over this 50 year period. Since this examples incorporates a lustrous synthetic yarn for the soumak brocading, this huipil must date post-1990. The fineness of the weave and the brocaded design indicate that traditional weaving techniques are still used in this village in the northern part of Guatemala's southern highlands. This garment was purchased from a vendor in Panajachel in 2010.
This daily-use huipil was woven on a back-strap loom, as is typical of the huipiles of Zacualpa. The foundation fabric is of red cotton, with narrow stripes of dark purple and green cotton threads. The brocading is of a lustrous synthetic yarn, and is of the type called soumak supplemental weft brocading. Zacualpa is the only town in Guatemala which incorporates this decorative technique.
The huipil consists of two panels. All four of the lower edges were simply cut of the loom and have been reinforced with stitching to prevent unravelling. The adornment around the head-hole is retained. The side stitching (which made the huipil into a finished garment to be used) is also still present.
Measurements: approximately 35 inches wide (average) and 25 inches long.
Condition: Excellent condition, some very light dust and soil possible. This is a contemporary huipil in very nice condition.